22 Aug ESS syllabus -part 2
Topic 1- Environmental value system
1.1. An EVS is a worldview or paradigm that shapes the way an individual, or group of people, perceives and evaluates environmental issues, influenced by cultural, religious, economic and socio-political contexts.
• Explain what an environmental value system is and the fact that they will vary between cultures and over time.
• Outline how assumptions, values and beliefs and worldwide views can influence individual value systems
• Discuss how environmental philosophies influence decision-making processes
• Compare and contrast LEDCs and MEDCs environmental philosophies
This is a particular world view or set of paradigms that shapes the way an individual or group of people perceive and evaluate environmental issues. This will be influenced by cultural (including religious), economic and socio-political context. An environmental value system is a system in the sense that it has inputs (for example, education, cultural influences, religious doctrine, media) and outputs (for example, decisions, perspectives, courses of action) determined by processing these inputs.
Ecosystems may often cross national boundaries and this may lead to conflict arising from the clash of different value systems about exploitation of resources (for example, ocean fishing and whaling).
1.1. An EVS might be considered as a system in the sense that it may be influenced by education, experience, culture and media (inputs), and involves a set of interrelated premises, values and arguments that can generate consistent decisions and evaluations (outputs).
• Define “system”
• Explain how an environmental value system is a system
• Understand and explain what the inputs, processes and outputs are in an EVS.
• Define ecological deficit
• Explain how the environment can have its own intrinsic value.
1.1 There is a spectrum of EVSs, from ecocentric through anthropocentric to technocentric value systems.
• An ecocentric viewpoint integrates social, spiritual and environmental dimensions into a holistic ideal. It puts ecology and nature as central to humanity and emphasizes a less materialistic approach to life. An ecocentric viewpoint prioritizes bio-rights, emphasizes the importance of education and encourages self-restraint in human behavior.
• An anthropocentric viewpoint argues that humans must sustainably manage the global system. This might be through the use of taxes, environmental regulation and legislation. Debate would be encouraged to reach a consensual, pragmatic approach to solving environmental problems.
• A technocentric viewpoint argues that technological developments can provide solutions to environmental problems. Scientific research is encouraged in order to form policies and to understand how systems can be controlled, manipulated or changed to solve resource depletion.
Please read more about ESS syllabus – part 3.